Fourth Estate Articles List



120 Articles Found


Journalist killings, arrests and assaults climb worldwide as authoritarianism spreads

The 2019 Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders shows how hatred of journalists has degenerated into violence and created “an intense climate of fear” worldwide. According to the Paris-based nonprofit, 12 reporters have been killed so far this year and 172 are in jail. In the last decade, according to the group, 702 journalists have been killed, including 63 last year.


Assange’s new indictment: Espionage and the First Amendment

Julian Assange, the co-founder of WikiLeaks, has been charged by the U.S. Department of Justice with a slew of Espionage Act violations that could keep him in prison for the rest of his life.


Secrecy versus sunshine: Efforts to hide government records never stop

Public records laws exist to allow us to see into the decision-making of our government. When bureaucrats make efforts to obscure our view into their actions, it serves only to undermine government officials’ accountability. It also diminishes the public’s understanding of, and faith in, democracy.


How to make health news interesting — without overselling the claims

For our latest research, we wanted to find a way to help writers accurately communicate research evidence, without diminishing reader interest in the claims. To do this, we teamed up with nine UK press offices, from journals, universities and funders, to run a randomised trial with health-related press releases.


Why letting the IRS decide the future of news is a bad idea

After nearly 150 years in business – as a business – The Salt Lake Tribune wants to become a nonprofit. But first its owner must get approval from the Internal Revenue Service.


Political cartoonists are out of touch – it's time to make way for memes

As a scholar who studies social media and memetics, I wonder if political cartoons are the best way to connect with today’s diverse readership. Many crave searing, cutting political commentary – and they’re finding it in internet memes. What if internet memes were elevated – not only as a serious art form but also as an important form of editorializing that’s worthy of appearing alongside the traditional cartoon


Prescription for journalists from journalists: Less time studying Twitter, more time studying math

You hear a lot of heated claims and baseless generalities these days about what’s wrong with the news media. What’s seldom heard is what the underlying data indicate about true problem areas and where journalists need to improve.


Why restoring accuracy will help journalism win back credibility

As a journalist and a media academic, I have always assumed that I’m a fairly savvy media consumer. I know when something is genuine, and when what I’m looking at misinformation, disinformation and propaganda.


A matter of (mis)trust: why this election is posing problems for the media

Election 2019 may well prove a watershed event in more ways than one. This will likely be the first time in the country’s electoral history that more voters are following the campaign online than via conventional media – television, newspapers and radio.


How the decision to paywall NZ's largest newspaper will affect other media

This week New Zealand’s largest newspaper, the NZ Herald, launched digital subscriptions for its online content, making history at the same time. Its paywall is the first for a general newspaper in New Zealand.