Fourth Estate Articles List



140 Articles Found


How the New York media covered the Stonewall riots

The Stonewall riots were a six-night series of protests that began in the early morning of June 28, 1969, and centered around the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City. For six nights, protesters clashed off and on with police, while chanting and marching in and around Christopher Street. In the days after the Stonewall riots, depending on which paper you read, you would have been exposed to a vastly different version of events. The major dailies gave a megaphone to the police, while alternative outlets embedded themselves among the protesters.


Increasing open access publications serves publishers' commercial interests

Research and discoveries need to be shared. And when those discoveries are publicly funded, they should be openly accessible. Academic journals are the main forum researchers use to share new discoveries with other researchers, particularly in the sciences. For most academic journals, university libraries pay subscription fees on behalf of students and researchers. But, over the past 20 years, there has been a push to make journals freely available to anyone with an internet connection. In response, research funders have announced open access policies in the United States, Canada, Australia, South America and Europe.


ABC and Trump

It has been interesting, as an outsider currently in the US, to see some of the key issues that have emerged in the wake of the ABC network's 30 hours with Trump. From beginning to end, it has highlighted how far we the media still have to go if we want to be respected and trusted in holding powerful public figures to account.


The New York Times ends daily political cartoons, but it's not the death of the art form

The writing has been on the wall for at least a decade. The hallowed cartooning traditions of the 20th century cannot continue without facing up to fundamental changes in the industry. Although the New York Times decision doesn’t spell the end of cartooning as we know it, this may very well be a tipping point for the global cartooning industry.


A tribute to Raymond Louw: a great South African editor and determined activist

There are dictators and autocrats who are breathing a little easier today. The intolerant, the narrow-minded, the scared, the defensive, the haters of freedom and particularly freedom of speech, are watching us lay to rest the man who never left them alone.


Naming and shaming’ juvenile offenders or open justice? A new battle over press freedom

The debate centres on a bill that would introduce Australia's most restrictive rules on reporting on juvenile offenders, including punishments of up to a year in jail for journalists who enter a juvenile court or publish details of any case.


A paltry number of Canadians are paying for online news

Attitudes towards news media and consumption behaviour in Canada pose a sort of conundrum. In general, Canadians have a positive view of journalism and relatively high trust in media, but on the other hand, they are little inclined to pay for digital news sources.


Australians are less interested in news and consume less of it compared to other countries, survey finds

Australian news consumers access news less often and have lower interest in it compared to citizens in many other countries. At the same time, Australians are more likely to think the news media are doing a good job keeping them up to date and explaining what’s happening.


Artificial intelligence-enhanced journalism offers a glimpse of the future of the knowledge economy

Much as robots have transformed entire swaths of the manufacturing economy, artificial intelligence and automation are now changing information work, letting humans offload cognitive labor to computers. In journalism, for instance, data mining systems alert reporters to potential news stories, while newsbots offer new ways for audiences to explore information. Automated writing systems generate financial, sports and elections coverage.


Investigating the investigative reporters: Bad news from Down Under

Comparing the way two western democracies (the United States and Australia) protect – and undermine – investigative reporting raises important questions about journalism’s role in democracy.