Fourth Estate Articles List



23 Articles Found


After prolonged period of press-bashing, a more constructive form of media criticism is now flourishing

Donald Trump, both as candidate and president, trashed the press. Alex Wong/Getty Images   By: Kevin M. Lerner, Marist College Over the past several years, and maybe even longer, it seems as if every day brings a new round of attacks on the American press. Some of these attacks come under the guise of criticism: accusations of being “fake news”; arguments that journalists are biased. But some more seriously threaten journalists themselves. Just recently, Fox News host Tucker Carlson unleashed what was described as a “calculated and cruel” verbal assault against New York Times reporter Taylor Lorenz repeatedly on his show. Some rallies for Donald Trump even saw attendees displaying threats of lynching reporters on a T-shirt. This kind of criticism – attempting to delegitimize the press – serves to undermine trust in the work that journalists do. But even ...


Substack isn't a new model for journalism – it’s a very old one

Since 2017, the platform has provided aspiring web pundits with a one-stop service for distributing their work and collecting fees from readers. Unlike many paywall mechanisms, it’s simple for both writer and subscriber to use. Writers upload what they’ve written to the site; the readers pay from US$5 to $50 a month for a subscription and get to read the work.


How 'hyperlocal' journalism can restore trust in the media

Independent community publishers are helping to restore trust in journalism - but they need support.


Journalism makes blunders but still feeds democracy

Media self-criticism is not just important to improve journalism, it is a political, professional and moral imperative.


It's time for the gatekeepers to open the gates

As journalists rightly demand more protection and recognition for their work, it is time to finally resolve the threshold issue of what journalism is, and who gets to do it.


Another depressing day in Sydney...

Something very worrying has happened in the world of journalism. When we talk about the dangers for reporters around the world, it is hard not to conclude that there are no safe spaces any more.


Who is a journalist anyway?

As the battle heats up over how much protection and freedom the news media deserves as it goes about its business, a famiiar problem is once again raising its head. In these days where anyone can start a website, run a blog or publish via social media, what IS a journalist anyway?


Every Journalist's Worst Nightmare

A huge story of abuse, murder and exploitation, involving senior figures in the establishment. A confirmed police investigation into allegations the authorities describe as 'credible and true'. Lives and reputations are at stake, the headlines are lurid and compelling. But what if it isn't true?


Traitors and Journalists

Too often, journalists find themselves accused of being traitors when they file difficult and controversial stories about their country, stories that can lead to embarrassment, disgrace and even short term damage to national reputations. But the truth is their work can make a democracy stronger, not weaker, proved they go about their business in a careful and ethical manner.


Defending Media Freedom: Who's Up For The Fight?

In London this week, Governments, media and the non-profit sector gathered to make bold plans and issue bold statements about how to defend media freedom against growing attacks around the world. However, as interesting as the promises and speeches were, what was more interesting was the things left unsaid, and the identity of those who were absent from the discussions.