Fourth Estate Articles List



3 Articles Found


Australian government tells police to lay off journalists in investigating leaks

The Australian government has given a new direction to the Australian Federal Police to prevent repeats of the recent raids on the media when leaks are being investigated.


Ghana's constitution is meant to protect the media: but does it?

Between 1957 – the year Ghana won independence from British – and 1992 the country had three civilian heads of state interspersed with several military rulers. But that year it finally embraced democratic rule and adopted a constitution. One of the areas of protection the new constitution offered was the independence of the media and of expression. But are these enforced? And has the media felt their positive impact?


Journalist killings, arrests and assaults climb worldwide as authoritarianism spreads

The 2019 Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders shows how hatred of journalists has degenerated into violence and created “an intense climate of fear” worldwide.