Fourth Estate Articles List



119 Articles Found


Brexit: how the people are using 'news avoidance' to escape the post-truth world of politics

The term “news avoidance” suggests that these people are avoiding reality. The underlying principle of public journalism is that readers are also citizens whose actions in the real world are based on the reality they have come to know from the news.


Journalism is failing climate change - we can do better

Catlin Seaview Survey Underwater Earth   By: Misha Ketchell, The Conversation On a sunny day in Sydney last Sunday Tim Flannery, former Australian of the Year, appeared on a panel of international journalists convened to discuss the reporting of climate science. Kerry O’Brien kicked things off by asking about the prognosis. Flannery said he wouldn’t answer until the young people at the Sydney Opera House had been given a chance to leave. Things were so dire he feared for their mental health. My first reaction was that Flannery had developed a taste for the theatrical. No. In the conversation that ensued it became clear that the world cannot avoid 1.5 degrees of warming and the devastating damage that entails, and many far worse scenarios were in play. Flannery’s deep anger and distress was palpable. He said that once he’d viewed ...


On an average day, only 1% of Australian news stories quoted a young person. No wonder so few trust the media

Of all the news stories examined, only 11% included the views or experiences of young people. Usually, their inclusion was via adult mediators like parents, police and experts. Just 1% of news stories directly quoted a young person.


Another depressing day in Sydney...

Something very worrying has happened in the world of journalism. When we talk about the dangers for reporters around the world, it is hard not to conclude that there are no safe spaces any more.


Facebook algorithm changes suppressed journalism and meddled with democracy

Facebook’s News Feed algorithm determines what users see on its platform – from funny memes to comments from friends. The company regularly updates this algorithm, which can dramatically change what information people consume.


Eulogy for a Small-Town Newspaper

Once a newspaper is gone — just like when you lose parkland to unchecked development — it’s hard to bring it back.


Sydney stabbing shows reporters should not censor what they report on Twitter - as long as it's verified

When news of the stabbings in Sydney on Tuesday afternoon came through, one of the first tweets about the incident came from Sky News reporter Laura Jayes. Immediately it got retweeted and sent around the world, and I might have retweeted it myself, but for the voice whispering in my ear from my former BBC training, “two agencies and a correspondent.”


Too many people think satirical news is real

In July, the website Snopes published a piece fact-checking a story posted on The Babylon Bee, a popular satirical news site with a conservative bent. Conservative columnist David French criticized Snopes for debunking what was, in his view, “obvious satire. Obvious.” A few days later, Fox News ran a segment featuring The Bee’s incredulous CEO. But does everyone recognize satire as readily as French seems to?


Who is a journalist anyway?

As the battle heats up over how much protection and freedom the news media deserves as it goes about its business, a famiiar problem is once again raising its head. In these days where anyone can start a website, run a blog or publish via social media, what IS a journalist anyway?


Australian Home Affairs Minister directive gives journalists more breathing space, but not whistleblowers

In light of the ministerial direction issued to the Australian Federal Police by the Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton on August 9, it would be a spectacular contradiction in policy if the Australian Federal Police’s current pursuit of journalists were to end in prosecutions.