Fourth Estate Articles List



152 Articles Found


After prolonged period of press-bashing, a more constructive form of media criticism is now flourishing

Donald Trump, both as candidate and president, trashed the press. Alex Wong/Getty Images   By: Kevin M. Lerner, Marist College Over the past several years, and maybe even longer, it seems as if every day brings a new round of attacks on the American press. Some of these attacks come under the guise of criticism: accusations of being “fake news”; arguments that journalists are biased. But some more seriously threaten journalists themselves. Just recently, Fox News host Tucker Carlson unleashed what was described as a “calculated and cruel” verbal assault against New York Times reporter Taylor Lorenz repeatedly on his show. Some rallies for Donald Trump even saw attendees displaying threats of lynching reporters on a T-shirt. This kind of criticism – attempting to delegitimize the press – serves to undermine trust in the work that journalists do. But even ...


Substack isn't a new model for journalism – it’s a very old one

Since 2017, the platform has provided aspiring web pundits with a one-stop service for distributing their work and collecting fees from readers. Unlike many paywall mechanisms, it’s simple for both writer and subscriber to use. Writers upload what they’ve written to the site; the readers pay from US$5 to $50 a month for a subscription and get to read the work.


How 'hyperlocal' journalism can restore trust in the media

Independent community publishers are helping to restore trust in journalism - but they need support.


Six potential solutions to ease the COVID-19 news media crisis

Traditional media was left out in the cold years ago due to the advent of technology, meaning today’s news media crisis has been a long time in the making. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jonathan Hayward (via The Conversation)   By: Patrick White, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)   The ongoing, coronavirus-fuelled media crisis has in fact been in the works for more than 30 years. It is not a new phenomenon. In the early 1990s, we saw mergers of major radio networks. The advent of the internet and cable news outlets during the 1990s changed the game and challenged the dominance of news agencies, since audiences had access to live events in real time all the time. The emergence of social media in the 2000s and 2010s continues to transform the role of the media today. The media in crisis is ...


Want to make the news better? Shatter the status quo.

It's not enough anymore for journalists to be mere watchdogs. Journalism must address subconscious social biases to give readers a fuller picture of what they need to know.


How to read coronavirus news and learn what you actually need to know about staying safe in the pandemic

Journalists use real people's stories to 'humanize' the news. But these tales – whether harrowing or heartwarming – can be misleading about the pandemic's greatest threats. Here is what you actually need to know about staying safe in the pandemic,


Journalism makes blunders but still feeds democracy

Media self-criticism is not just important to improve journalism, it is a political, professional and moral imperative.


Drawing the line between impact and activism

To what extent should journalists seek change on the issues they cover? Or put another way – when does journalism become activism, and should we cross that line?


Four ways to protect yourself from disinformation

You might have fallen for someone’s attempt to disinform you about current events. But it’s not your fault.


What do we want? Unbiased reporting! When do we want it? During protests!

The new decade is just days old, but in one respect it is already shaping up like the last one: with mass protests around the world.