Fourth Estate Articles List



145 Articles Found


Drawing the line between impact and activism

To what extent should journalists seek change on the issues they cover? Or put another way – when does journalism become activism, and should we cross that line?


Four ways to protect yourself from disinformation

You might have fallen for someone’s attempt to disinform you about current events. But it’s not your fault.


What do we want? Unbiased reporting! When do we want it? During protests!

The new decade is just days old, but in one respect it is already shaping up like the last one: with mass protests around the world.


Five Business Models for Local News to Watch in 2020

Predictions are a tricky business, but there is one sure thing for 2020: local news publishers cannot depend on the old ways of doing business. The time for chain newspapers wielding a monopoly in communities is ending, and more independent and nonprofit news organizations are taking root around the country and making sure that watchdog journalism continues to thrive.


Society can be controlled through its means of communication

The writings of Venezuelan scholar Antonio Pasquali contain warnings about how we communicate today.


The Ethics of Engaged Journalism

Journalism has little purpose if it is not trusted by the public it is meant to serve, so public engagement and public trust are inseparable in the networked world of digital journalism. Engaged journalists are starting to ask, “How can we help people trust each other?”


Rating news sources can help limit the spread of misinformation

People think they're good at detecting disinformation, but most people actually aren't. A group of researchers searches for the best way to help users steer clear of online deception campaigns.


Here is what policymakers can do for Europe’s news media

If policymakers care about a vibrant news media, they need to ensure the freedom, funding, and future of independent professional journalism.


Fake news grabs our attention, produces false memories and appeals to our emotions

We fall sway to fake news because it grabs our attention through outlandish claims, suggests false memories and contains appeals to our emotions that align with our politics.


Beyond fact-checking: 5 things schools should do to foster news literacy

When it comes to news literacy, schools often emphasize fact-checking and hoax-spotting. But schools must go deeper with how they teach the subject if they want to help students thrive in a democratic society.