Fourth Estate Articles List



127 Articles Found


Presidential 'debates' aren't debates at all – they're joint press conferences

Democratic presidential contenders gather Tuesday evening in Ohio for the latest in a series of televised question-and-answer sessions in the lead-up to the 2020 primary season. These sessions are called debates by their sponsors and the participants. But are they really?


Teletext was slow but it paved the way for the super-fast world of the internet

The BBC has announced that 2020 will mark the end of the Red Button text service – the final incarnation of what was originally known as CEEFAX and Oracle.


The real news on 'fake news': politicians use it to discredit media, and journalists need to fight back

We discovered a US contagion effect. Australian politicians had “weaponised” fake news language to attack their opponents, much in the way that Trump had when he first accused a CNN reporter of being “fake news”.


Misinformation, Evasion, Deception -- and why live TV helps those who lie and want to deceive the public

Perhaps it’s time to reconsider the journalistic value of live interviews – and return to a standard that reflects what viewers should expect from news programming.


Merchants of misinformation are all over the internet. But the real problem lies with us

Call it lies, fake news, or just plain old bullshit - misinformation seems to flutter wilfully around the modern world. The truth, meanwhile, can take tedious decades to establish.


Users (and their bias) are key to fighting fake news on Facebook – AI isn’t smart enough yet

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has repeatedly proposed artificial intelligence (AI) as the solution to the fake news dilemma. However, the issue likely requires high levels of human involvement, as many experts agree that AI technologies need further advancement.


Why is climate change still not top of the news agenda?

Climate breakdown threatens the lives of us all. Scientific research has suggested that we are in the process of a “mass extinction” event that could lead to “biological annihilation” on a large scale


How journalists can protect themselves while covering protests

For journalists covering political movements, reporting on protests is crucial, but these events come with unique security challenges. This quick guide will focus on how U.S. journalists can manage the security of their devices and reporting materials when covering protests.


Brexit: how the people are using 'news avoidance' to escape the post-truth world of politics

The term “news avoidance” suggests that these people are avoiding reality. The underlying principle of public journalism is that readers are also citizens whose actions in the real world are based on the reality they have come to know from the news.


Journalism is failing climate change - we can do better

Catlin Seaview Survey Underwater Earth   By: Misha Ketchell, The Conversation On a sunny day in Sydney last Sunday Tim Flannery, former Australian of the Year, appeared on a panel of international journalists convened to discuss the reporting of climate science. Kerry O’Brien kicked things off by asking about the prognosis. Flannery said he wouldn’t answer until the young people at the Sydney Opera House had been given a chance to leave. Things were so dire he feared for their mental health. My first reaction was that Flannery had developed a taste for the theatrical. No. In the conversation that ensued it became clear that the world cannot avoid 1.5 degrees of warming and the devastating damage that entails, and many far worse scenarios were in play. Flannery’s deep anger and distress was palpable. He said that once he’d viewed ...